Phrasal verbs

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Posts143Likes39Joined19/9/2019LocationSão Paulo / BR
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Once I've read the particle "up" in phrasal verbs has a meaning: "completely". I was wondering if it happens with other particles (for, out, in, etc), or is it merely a question of memorizing meaning, other than trying to infer it? Phrasal verbs are a Portuguese speaker's nightmare!

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#1
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Posts1147Likes746Joined18/3/2018LocationBellingham / US
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Can you cite examples?

I'm reading the Malazan Book of the Fallen.

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#2
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Posts143Likes39Joined19/9/2019LocationSão Paulo / BR
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leosmith wrote:
Can you cite examples?
"Find out", for example. Does this "out" have any meaning that would help me infer the verb meaning? Something that would help me with "look out", "turn out", "check out", "cut out", "make out", etc.

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#3
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Posts1147Likes746Joined18/3/2018LocationBellingham / US
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Tbh, I don't know. I'm tempted to say you just need to memorize each one, but that may just be my native-speaker grammar ignorance shining through. 

I'm reading the Malazan Book of the Fallen.

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Posts143Likes39Joined19/9/2019LocationSão Paulo / BR
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leosmith wrote:
Tbh, I don't know. I'm tempted to say you just need to memorize each one, but that may just be my native-speaker grammar ignorance shining through.
Actually that's exactly how I've learned them - memorizing -, but I'm always suspicious (maybe too much!) that there's more to it. I was easy with the idea of memorizing until I read about "up" meaning "completely"... 

Is there any difference between "chop" and "chop up"?

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