Many English words have their roots from other tongues, or are even directly taken and used, below are a few examples sorted by language of origin, there are thousands of words taken, but i will give you a handful to start;
The most common language for English to be adapted from is french, this is partially due to french being the language of the nobles in England around the 11th century and continued for around 400 years. Most are very similar in spelling if not pronunciation.
A few examples;
Etiquette (from the french for "little cards") was taken from Versailles where 'little cards' were used by courtiers to keep record of the rules they needed to follow while in court.
Coupons (literally "piece cut off")
Faux-Pas (false step)
To queue (from the french for "tail") is a very common English past-time
Parachute (almost exactly "protection against a fall")
Sabotage (comes from the french "sabot" which was a french shoe)
Maneuver (literally "to operate with the hand")
Another main language that helped form English as a whole was Proto-Germanic, the precursor to more modern German as olden English comes from a Germanic root;
Delikatessen (proper name for a deli)
Fest (feast, celebration, party)
Kaput (not working, broken)
Wanderlust (pleasure, desire, wanting)
Nosh (small amount of food, or to eat a small amount of food)
As i said, these are just a few words from 2 of the closest languages to English, but on the whole we take words from dozens of other languages including, but not limited to, Latin, French, German, Greek, Dutch, Norse, and Arabic
A little bonus- "Dog"
We aren't certain where this form comes from originally as we have the Latin derivative in our language (canine) and the German (hound) too, as far as people can tell it appeared in middle English as "Docga"