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Tagalog Grammar Lite Lesson 6 Numbers

Vocabulary
ilan
Show
how many
Show
taon
Show
year
Show
na
Show
already; now (enclitic particle)
Show
magkano
Show
how much
Show
piso
Show
peso
Show
bawa’t
Show
each
Show
anak
Show
son or daughter
Show
beses
Show
times
Show
kalahatí
Show
half
Show
buwan
Show
month
Show
tanghalian
Show
lunch
Show
If you don’t have Tagalog numbers memorized, or need a refresher, please go to Appendix D and make a first pass at learning them before attempting this lesson.
Grammar
As mentioned in Appendix D, Tagalog speakers use Tagalog, Spanish and English numbers, and there are no fixed guidelines as to when to use what. However, you can’t just avoid learning Tagalog numbers because you will hear them all the time and need to be able to recognize them. This lesson will show you how to use them.
Cardinal numbers (one, two, three, etc)
Cardinal numbers are very flexible. Here are a few examples. You can use them with age
Ex: Ilang taon ka na?
Show
= How old are you?
Show
Remember to use the na particle when you ask someone their age; it adds the nuance of now.
Ans: Dalawanmpu’t isang taon na ako.
Show
= I’m twenty one years old.
Show
Or Ans: Dalawanmpu’t isa.
Show
= Twenty one.
Show
You can count with them
Ex: Maganda ang dalawang kotse ko.
Show
= My two cars are beautiful.
Show
They come in handy for buying stuff
Ex: Magkano ang mga mangga?
Show
= How much are the mangoes?
Show
Ans: Limampung piso bawa’t kilo.
Show
= Fifty pesos per kilo.
Show
Ordinal numbers (first, second, third, etc)
Tagalog ordinal numbers aren’t used very often, but you will certainly hear them from time to time
Ex: Ikatlong anak siya.
Show
= She’s the third child.
Show
Ex: ang huling beses
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= the last time
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Fractions
The only Tagalog fraction that’s often used in colloquial speech is kalahati, which means half
Ex: Isa at kalahating buwan.
Show
= One and a half months.
Show
Additional Notes
Numbers are adjectives, so the same rules apply
The enclitic words you’ve learned so far appear in the order <ka, na, po, ba, other personal pronouns>. Note that na comes before po.
Sample Sentences
Q1
How old is she? (po)
Ilang taon na po siya?
Q2
Isn’t she thirty-five?
Hindi ba siya tatlumpu't lima?
Q3
My sixth dog.
Ang ikaanim na aso ko.
Q4
One house and two cars.
Isang bahay at dalawang kotse.
Q5
I’m the seventh child.
Ikapitong anak ako.
Q6
How much for lunch?
Magkano ang tanghalian?
Q7
One hundred forty pesos. (po)
Sandaan at apatnapung piso po.
Q8
My first time.
Ang unang beses ko.
Q9
Twelve and a half years.
Labindalawa’t kalahating taon.
Q10
Nine cats.
Siyam na pusa.

Edited

Corrections

Tagalog Grammar Lite Lesson 6 Numbers
Vocabulary ilan Show how many Show taon Show year Show na Show already; now (enclitic particle) Show magkano Show how much Show piso Show peso Show bawa’t Show each Show anak Show son or daughter Show beses Show times Show kalahatí Show half Show buwan Show month Show tanghalian Show lunch Show If you don’t have Tagalog numbers memorized, or need a refresher, please go to Appendix D [link] and make a first pass at learning them before attempting this lesson. Grammar As mentioned in Appendix D, Tagalog speakers use Tagalog, Spanish and English numbers, and there are no fixed guidelines as to when to use what. However, you can’t just avoid learning Tagalog numbers because you will hear them all the time and need to be able to recognize them. This lesson will show you how to use them. Cardinal numbers (one, two, three, etc [I think I've seen "etc" used throughout most of the lessons so far, but occasionally I'll find one with a period (e.g., "etc." is used in the Introduction chapter ) . I tend to go with "etc.", given that it's a lowercase abbreviation, but perhaps that's just a matter of different writing styles. This is a trivial observation regarding consistency throughout the book, so I'll just make a note of it here for future reference.]) Cardinal numbers are very flexible. Here are a few examples. You can use them with age Ex: Ilang taon ka na? Show = How old are you? Show Remember to use the na particle when you ask someone their age; it adds the nuance of now. Ans: Dalawanmpu’t isang taon na ako. Show = I’m twenty one years old. Show Or Ans: Dalawanmpu’t isa. Show = Twenty one. Show You can count with them Ex: Maganda ang dalawang kotse ko. Show = My two cars are beautiful. Show They come in handy for buying stuff Ex: Magkano ang mga mangga? Show = How much are the mangoes? Show Ans: Limampung piso bawa’t kilo. Show = Fifty pesos per kilo. Show Ordinal numbers (first, second, third, etc) Tagalog ordinal numbers aren’t used very often, but you will certainly hear them from time to time Ex: Ikatlong anak siya. Show = She’s the third child. Show Ex: ang huling beses Show = the last time Show Fractions The only Tagalog fraction that’s often used in colloquial speech is kalahati, which means half Ex: Isa at kalahating buwan. Show = One and a half months. Show Additional Notes [Again with regards to consistency, I notice that some bullet points end in a period in chapters while others don't - I'll also leave this as a note for future reference.] Numbers are adjectives, so the same rules apply The enclitic words you’ve learned so far appear in the order <ka, na, po, ba, other personal pronouns>. Note that na comes before po. Sample Sentences Q1 How old is she? (po) Ilang taon na po siya? Q2 Isn’t she thirty-five? Hindi ba siya tatlumpu't lima? Q3 My sixth dog. Ang ikaanim na aso ko. Q4 One house and two cars. Isang bahay at dalawang kotse. Q5 I’m the seventh child. Ikapitong anak ako. Q6 How much for lunch? Magkano ang tanghalian? Q7 One hundred forty pesos. (po) Sandaan at apatnapung piso po. Q8 My first time. Ang unang beses ko. Q9 Twelve and a half years. Labindalawa’t kalahating taon. Q10 Nine cats. Siyam na pusa.
Edited
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