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Tagalog Grammar Lite Lesson 5 Helpful Words Ba, Hindi & Po

Vocabulary
ba
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question particle
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hindí
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no; not
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po
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formality particle
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oo
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yes
Show
opó
Show
yes (formal)
Show
mabilis
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fast
Show
Grammar
In this lesson we’ll cover 3 very common words to broaden your ability to make sentences.
Ba
The particle ba is used for asking questions:
Ex: Guro ka ba?
Show
= Are you a teacher?
Show
Ans: Oo, guro ako.
Show
= Yes, I’m a teacher.
Show
Hindi
You can negate a sentence using hindi, which roughly means no or not.
Ex: Guro ka ba?
Show
= Are you a teacher?
Show
Ans: Hindi.
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= No.
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Ans: Hindi ako guro.
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= I’m not a teacher.
Show
Po/Ho
You can add formality to a sentence by using the particle po or ho. Po is more common, so we’ll use it from now on. When you use po you must also use the plural/formal form of you.
Ex: Guro po ba kayo?
Show
= Are you a teacher sir?
Show
Also, oo becomes opo in formal speech.
Ans: Opo, guro po ako.
Show
= Yes, I’m a teacher ma’am.
Show
Po, ba and personal pronouns are enclitic, which means they like to attach themselves to certain words, enclitic magnates, in a sentence. Hindi is an enclitic magnate (more about enclitics in a future lesson).
Ex: Hindi po ba kayo guro?
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= Aren’t you a teacher sir?
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Ans: Hindi po. Hindi po ako guro.
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= No ma’am. I’m not a teacher ma’am.
Show
Predicate and Subject
Let’s do another quick English grammar refresher. Take the sentence
Ex: I am a teacher.
The subject of a sentence is the person/thing that is doing or being something. So in the above sentence, I is the subject. The rest of the sentence, am a Teacher, is called the predicate.
Ex: Guro ako.
Show
= lit “teacher I” = I am a teacher.
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Predicate = guro
Subject = ako
Summary Notes
ba sentence word order is <predicate, (po)(ba), subject> if there are no pronouns
hindi sentence word order is <hindi, (po)(ba), predicate, subject> if there are no pronouns. If the subject is a pronoun and the predicate isn’t, they trade places.
subjects and predicates take ang-form; the is translated as ang
if the subject or predicate is the pronoun ka, it goes before (po)(ba); if it’s any other pronoun it goes after (po)(ba)
po doesn’t necessarily mean ma’am or sir, so I will just put it in parentheses when I want you to use it, like (po)
that’s not all there is to these 3 words; more to come later.
Sample Sentences
Q1
Is the drink water?
Tubig ba ang inumin?
Q2
Yes, the drink is water.
Oo, tubig ang inumin.
Q3
Isn’t she a student? (po)
Hindi po ba siya estudyante?
Q4
Yes, she’s a student. (po)
Opo, estudyante po siya.
Q5
Are you the teacher? (po)
Kayo po ba ang guro?
Q6
No. Mrs. Diaz is the teacher.
Hindi. Si Mrs. Diaz ang guro.
Q7
Isn’t the building a hospital?
Hindi ba ospital ang gusali?
Q8
Yes. (po)
Opo.
Q9
Is our car fast?
Mabilis ba ang kotse namin?
Q10
Your car isn’t fast.
Hindi mabilis ang kotse ninyo.

Edited

Corrections

Tagalog Grammar Lite Lesson 5 Helpful Words Ba, Hindi & Po
Vocabulary
ba
Show
question particle
Show
hindí
Show
no; not
Show
po
Show
formality particle
Show
oo
Show
yes
Show
opó
Show
yes (formal)
Show
mabilis
Show
fast
Show
Grammar
In this lesson we’ll cover 3 very common words to broaden your ability to make sentences.
Ba
The particle ba is used for asking questions:
Ex: Guro ka ba?
Show
= Are you a teacher?
Show
Ans: Oo, guro ako.
Show
= Yes, I’m a teacher.
Show
Hindi
You can negate a sentence using hindi, which roughly means no or not.
Ex: Guro ka ba?
Show
= Are you a teacher?
Show
Ans: Hindi.
Show
= No.
Show
Ans: Hindi ako guro.
Show
= I’m not a teacher.
Show
Po/Ho
You can add formality to a sentence by using the particle po or ho. Po is more common, so we’ll use it from now on. When you use po you must also use the plural/formal form of you.
Ex: Guro po ba kayo?
Show
= Are you a teacher sir?
Show
Also, oo becomes opo in formal speech.
Ans: Opo, guro po ako.
Show
= Yes, I’m a teacher ma’am.
Show
Po, ba and personal pronouns are enclitic, which means they like to attach themselves to certain words, enclitic magnates, in a sentence. Hindi is an enclitic magnate (more about enclitics in a future lesson).
Ex: Hindi po ba kayo guro?
Show
= Aren’t you a teacher sir?
Show
Ans: Hindi po. Hindi po ako guro.
Show
= No ma’am. I’m not a teacher ma’am.
Show
Predicate and Subject
Let’s do another quick English grammar refresher. Take the sentence
Ex: I am a teacher.
The subject of a sentence is the person/thing that is doing or being something. So in the above sentence, I is the subject. The rest of the sentence, am a Teacher, is called the predicate.
Ex: Guro ako.
Show
= lit “teacher I” = I am a teacher.
Show
Predicate = guro
Subject = ako
Summary Notes
[sometimes bullet points in summary notes end in a period, and other times they don't - it's probably best to remain consistent throughout the book]
ba sentence word order is <predicate, (po)(ba), subject> if there are no pronouns
hindi sentence word order is <hindi, (po)(ba), predicate, subject> if there are no pronouns. If the subject is a pronoun and the predicate isn’t, they trade places.
subjects and predicates take ang-form; the is translated as ang
if the subject or predicate is the pronoun ka, it goes before (po)(ba); if it’s any other pronoun it goes after (po)(ba)
po doesn’t necessarily mean ma’am or sir, so I will just put it in parentheses when I want you to use it, like (po)
that’s not all there is to these 3 words; more to come later.
Sample Sentences
Q1
Is the drink water?
Tubig ba ang inumin?
Q2
Yes, the drink is water.
Oo, tubig ang inumin.
Q3
Isn’t she a student? (po)
Hindi po ba siya estudyante?
Q4
Yes, she’s a student. (po)
Opo, estudyante po siya.
Q5
Are you the teacher? (po)
Kayo po ba ang guro?
Q6
No. Mrs. Diaz is the teacher.
Hindi
po [polite reply to Q5, if I understood earlier correctly?] . Si Mrs. Diaz ang guro.
Q7
Isn’t the building a hospital?
Hindi ba ospital ang gusali?
Q8
Yes. (po)
Opo.
Q9
Is our car fast?
Mabilis ba ang kotse namin?
Q10
Your car isn’t fast.
Hindi mabilis ang kotse ninyo.
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Comment(s)

It wasn't meant that way, but it sure looks like it so I'll add the po. Thanks!
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