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Tagalog Grammar Lite Lesson 46 Forming Nouns using Pag

Vocabulary
pagbili
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buying
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pagpasok
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entering
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pag-akyat
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climbing
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pagligó
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bathing
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pagkuha
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taking
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pagkagalit
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getting mad
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paglalakad
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walking
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paglulutó
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cooking
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pagkatuwá
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being delighted
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pagkatakot
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being scared
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Grammar
As discussed before, some nouns are formed by adding an affix to a root. Using the prefix pag is special, because it creates a gerund, or a noun in the -ing form.
Ex: pagbili
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= buying
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Ex: Mahilig siya sa pagbili ng pagkain.
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= She likes buying food. (lit – She likes the buying of food)
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There are variations that depend on the affix of the verb you are making a gerund for.
gerund for um, in, ma(action) = pag + root
gerund for mag, i, an = pag + first sylable of root + root
gerund for ma(emotion) = pagka + root
For the original example, I was thinking of the sentence
Ex: Mahilig siyang bumili ng pagkain.
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= She likes to buy food.
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Because bumili is an um verb, gerund = pag + root = pagbili.
when used with pseudo verbs, pag gerunds are marked by ang, not ng
Ex: Ayaw niya ng ligo.
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= He hates baths.
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But
Ex: Ayaw niya ang pagligo.
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= He hates bathing.
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Sample Sentences
Q1
She hates mountain climbing.
Ayaw niya ang pag-akyat ng bundok.
Q2
Entering the airplane was fun.
Nakakatuwa ang pagpasok sa eroplano.
Q3
I'm good at bathing.
Mahusay ako sa pagligo.
Q4
Walking is prohibited in the room.
Bawal ang paglalakad sa kuwarto.
Q5
Cooking adobo is fast.
Mabilis ang pagluluto ng adobo.
Q6
Amy likes buying cars.
Mahilig si Amy sa pagbili ng kotse.
Q7
Don doesn’t like taking money from children.
Ayaw ni Don ang pagkuha ng pera sa mga bata.
Q8
I like being delighted.
Gusto ko ang pagkatuwa.
Q9
The president got mad at the man being scared.
Nagalit ang presidente sa pagkatakot ng lalaki.
Q10
Getting angry is not allowed in the hospital.
Bawal ang pagkagalit sa ospital.

Edited

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