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Tagalog Grammar Lite Lesson 42 Some Handy Ways to Form Noun Clauses

Grammar
Here are two of the most useful ways I know of to form noun clauses.
Forming noun clauses using various parts of speech
Back in the lesson on word order, you saw the phrase
Ex: Sino ang nagbasa ng libro?
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= Who read the book?
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Well, the term ang nagbasa actually means the one who read, which is a noun clause. While the formation is just <ang, verb>, it turns out that there are many other possibilities. In general:
Formation = <ang/ng/sa, verb/adj/etc>
To show you how versatile this is, here are some examples:
Ex: Kumain ako ng maalat.
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= I ate a salty one. <ng, adj>
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Ex: Gusto ko ang may pera.
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= I want the one who has money. <ang, may>
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Ex: Kaibigan ko ang nasa bahay.
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= My friend is the one who’s home. <ang, nasa>
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Forming noun clauses using phrases
I’ve found this one to be extremely useful in conversation. You can already say things like:
Ex: Kinain ko ang pizza.
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= I ate the pizza.
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But suppose you want to say something like I ate the pizza I bought yesterday instead. You want to swap the noun pizza with noun clause pizza I bought yesterday. To see how this is done, first state the simple fact I bought pizza yesterday. Since you’re going to swap out pizza, make it the focus of this basic-phrase.
Ex: Binili ko ang pizza kahapon.
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= I bought the pizza yesterday. (focus on pizza)
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Next, pull the focus out and put it in front, connecting it with the linker.
Ex: pizzang binili ko kahapon
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= pizza I bought yesterday
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That’s your noun clause, so all you need to do to complete the main sentence is to swap it with pizza.
Ex: Kinain ko ang pizzang binili ko kahapon.
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= I ate the pizza I bought yesterday.
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Noun clause formed as <focus, linker, basic-phrase>
The focus of the basic-phrase should be the item you are swapping out in the main sentence
Sample Sentences
(focus in italics where needed)
Q1
I took a book he gave Mary.
Kumuha ako ng librong ibinagay niya kay Mary.
Q2
She is the one who’s eating.
Siya ang kumakain.
Q3
He’ll make a chair for the woman reading a book.
Gagawan niya ng silya ang babaeng nagbabasa ng libro.
Q4
The girl I saw is speaking.
Nagsasalita ang babaeng nakita ko.
Q5
I will give flowers to the beautiful one.
Ibibigay ko ang mga bulaklak sa maganda.
Q6
The ones in Palawan went to Puerto Princessa.
Pumunta ang mga nasa Palawan sa Puerto Princessa.
Q7
Eat the mango I bought yesterday!
Kainin mo ang manggang binili ko kahapon!
Q8
We’re(incl) the ones who have friends.
Tayo ang may mga kaibigan.
Q9
The man who studied Tagalog will buy a ticket.
Bibilhin ng lalaking nag-aral ng Tagalog ang tiket.
Q10
They say the one who slept will bathe.
Maliligo raw ang natulog.

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