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Tagalog Grammar Lite Lesson 40 Maka and Makapag-verbs

Vocabulary
makaramdam
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to feel
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makapunta
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to be able to go
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makabili
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to be able to buy
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makatulog
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to sleep unintentionally
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maka-inom
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to drink unintentionally
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makakita
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to see unintentionally
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makapagtrabaho
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to be able to work
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makapag-aral
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to be able to study
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makapagluto
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to be able to cook
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makapaglinis
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to be able to clean
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gripo
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faucet
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Grammar
The most frequently used verb types have already been introduced – mag, um, ma, in, i and an. You can think of the verb types from this point on as 2nd tier – not as common, but still quite useful.
Maka and makapag-verbs have usage that overlaps ma-verb usage, and even conjugation is quite similar. Unlike ma-verbs, these are actor-focus and have no imperative.
Maka-verbs are made from roots that normally take um and makapag-verbs are made from roots that normally take mag. For example, pumunta is more common that magpunta, so makapunta is used. Similarly, trabaho takes mag, so makapagtrabaho is used.
Maka-verb usage
To perform an AF action
To be able to do something
The most frequently used verb types have already been introduced – mag, um, ma, in, i and an. You can think of the verb types from this point on as 2nd tier – not as common, but still quite useful.
Maka and makapag-verbs have usage that overlaps ma-verb usage, and even conjugation is quite similar. Unlike ma-verbs, these are actor-focus and have no imperative.
Maka-verbs are made from roots that normally take um and makapag-verbs are made from roots that normally take mag. For example, pumunta is more common that magpunta, so makapunta is used. Similarly, trabaho takes mag, so makapagtrabaho is used.
Maka-verb usage
To perform an AF action
To be able to do something
To do something unintentionally
To sense something
Ex: Makakapunta ka ba sa Palawan bukas?
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= Can you go to Palawan tomorrow?
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Ex: Nakatulog siya sa silya niya.
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= He unintentionally slept in his chair.
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Ex: Nakakaramdam ang aso ng sakit.
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= The dog is feeling pain.
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Maka-verb formation
To form the infinitive, add maka before the root; use a dash if the root begins with a vowel
Ex: tulog
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=> makatulog
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Ex: inom
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=> maka-inom
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Maka-verb aspect
Maka-verbs are conjugated as shown. Notice that it’s similar to ma-verb conjugation, with ka of maka getting repeated in uncompleted and contemplated aspects.
Ex: makatulog
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=> nakatulog, nakakatulog, makakatulog
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Ex: maka-inom
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=> naka-inom, nakaka-inom, makaka-inom
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Makapag-verb usage
To perform an AF action
To be able to do something
Ex: Hindi nakapagtrabaho si Joe sa bahay.
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= Joe wasn’t able to work at home.
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Makapag-verb formation
Add makapag before the root; use a dash if the root begins with a vowel.
Ex: trabaho
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=> makapagtrabaho
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Ex: aral
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=> makapag-aral
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Makapag-verb aspect
Makapag-verbs are conjugated as shown. Notice that it’s similar to ma-verb conjugation, with ka or makapag getting repeated in uncompleted and contemplated aspects.
Ex: makapagtrabaho
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=> nakapagtrabaho, nakakapagtrabaho, makakapagtrabaho
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Ex: makapag-aral
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=> nakapag-aral, nakakapag-aral, makakapag-aral
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Sample Sentences
Q1
Who felt the water?
Sino ang nakaramdam ng tubig?
Q2
Joe accidentally drank tap water.
Naka-inom si Joe ng tubig sa gripo.
Q3
Will you be able to buy a car for me now?
Makakabili ka ba ng kotse para sa akin ngayon?
Q4
The ladies will be able to cook the food.
Makakapagluto ang mga babae ng pagkain.
Q5
He was able to go to Cebu, wasn't he? (po)
Nakapunta po siya sa Cebu, hindi ba?
Q6
I saw a cat by chance in the street.
Nakakita ako ng pusa sa kalye.
Q7
Where are the teachers able to work?
Saan nakakapagtrabaho ang mga guro?
Q8
How will they be able to study outside?
Paano sila makakapag-aral sa labas?
Q9
Maria isn't unintentionally sleeping in the car.
Hindi nakakatulog si Maria sa kotse.
Q10
When will you be able to clean my room?
Kailan ka makakapaglinis ng kuwarto ko?

Edited

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