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Tagalog Grammar Lite Lesson 37 An-verbs IO Focus

Vocabulary
hiraman
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to borrow something from someone
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bayaran
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to pay someone something
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bigyan
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to give something to someone
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gawan
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to make something for someone
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dalhan
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to bring something to someone
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abutan
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to pass something to someone
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basahan
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to read something to someone
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lagyan
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to put something on something
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sulatan
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to write something to someone
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kunan
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to take something from someone
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regalo
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gift
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Grammar
Usage
To do something in a direction
You may notice that all the verbs above have a directional nuance to them. Sometimes it’s a bit weak, but it’s always there. That’s what’s special about these verbs.
Unlike IOF i-verbs, with IOF an-verbs you can drop the object. Here’s another reason for memorizing the full “for someone” nuance when you memorize the meaning of the verb:
Binasahan ko ang mga bata.
If you memorize basahan as to read something to someone you will understand the sentence correctly as “I read to the children.” But if you just memorize it as to read, you might think it means “I read the children” which is incorrect or confusing.
Formation
Same as OF an-verbs
Reminder for All IOF Verbs
For all IOF verb basic-sentences, actor takes ng-form, object takes ng-form and IO takes ang-form
Since actor, object and IO are often all present in an IOF sentence, the enclitic/pronoun cluster can get complicated and kita is more likely to be used. Remember that kita is used instead of ka ko or ko ka.
Memorize the full definition of IOF verbs to help distinguish from OF
Sample Sentences
Q1
Borrow a book from Maria.
Hiraman mo ng libro si Maria.
Q2
They paid Mike a hundred pesos yesterday.
Binayaran nila ng isang daang piso si Mike kahapon.
Q3
Where are y’all giving them flowers?
Saan ninyo sila binibigyan ng mga bulaklak?
Q4
He’ll make a chair for Patrick.
Gagawan niya ng silya si Patrick.
Q5
Jeff and Mike need to bring Maria a present.
Kailangang dalhan nina Jeff at Mike ng regalo si Maria
Q6
What time did they hand her the mango?
Anong oras nila siya inabutan ng mangga?
Q7
Isn’t she reading a story to her dog?
Hindi ba niya binabasahan ng kuwento ang kanyang aso?
Q8
I’ll put the glass on the table when you eat.
Lalagyan ko ng baso ang lamesa kapag kakain ka.
Q9
Maria wrote me a story.
Sinulatan ako ni Maria ng kuwento.
Q10
How are they getting Mario a job?
Paano nila kinikunan ng trabaho si Mario?

Edited

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