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Tagalog Grammar Lite Lesson 36 An-verbs Object Focus

Vocabulary
upuan
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to sit on
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puntahan
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to visit
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tulungan
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to help
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halikan
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to kiss
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hugasan
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to wash
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tingnan
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to look at
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alagaan
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to take care of
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anyayahan
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to invite
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sakyan
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to ride
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buksan
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to open
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silya
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chair
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linggo
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week
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araw-araw
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every day
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Grammar
An-verbs can be either OF or IOF. After discussing formation and aspect, which apply to all an-verbs, this lesson will cover OF an-verbs. Next lesson will cover IOF an-verbs.
Formation
Add an after a root ending in a consonant or glottal stop, han after a vowel, and if the last letter in the root is o, change the o to u. There are also some exceptions that you will just have to memorize.
Ex: hugas
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=> hugasan (consonant)
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Ex: punta
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=> puntahan (vowel)
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Ex: alaga
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=> alagaan (glottal stop)
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Ex: upo
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=> upuan (o)
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Ex: tingin
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=> tingnan (exception)
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Aspect
Completed: add in before the first vowel of the infinitive
Ex: puntahan
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=> pinuntahan
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Ex: hugasan
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=> hinugasan
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Uncompleted: the first 2 syllables of the completed + infinitive
Ex: pinu + puntahan
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=> pinupuntahan
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Ex: hinu + hugasan
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=> hinuhugasan
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Contemplated: the first syllable of the root + infinitive
Ex: pu + puntahan
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=> pupuntahan
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Ex: hu + hugasan
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=> huhugasan
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OF an-verbs
Usage
No special nuances; just to perform an OF action
Reminder For All OF Verbs
For OF verb basic-sentences, actor takes ng-form, object takes ang-form and IO takes sa-form
Sample Sentences
Q1
Sit on the chair.
Upuan mo ang silya.
Q2
Why did you visit me last week?
Bakit mo ako pinuntahan noong isang linggo?
Q3
We are helping them.
Tinutulungan namin sila.
Q4
He won’t kiss Maria tonight, will he?
Hindi niya hahalikan si Maria ngayon gabi, ano?
Q5
You aren’t permitted to wash the car Ma’am.
Bawal mo pong hugasan ang kotse.
Q6
She looked at me.
Tiningnan niya ako.
Q7
Which of the two cats are they raising?
Alin sa dalawang pusa ang inaalagaan nila?
Q8
He’ll invite Rachel and Amy to the party.
Aanyayahan niya sina Rachel at Amy sa party.
Q9
We (excl) didn’t ride the bus here.
Hindi namin sinakyan ang bus dito.
Q10
The mall opens at 11am every day.
Binubuksan ang mall ng alas onse ng umaga araw-araw.

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