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Tagalog Grammar Lite Lesson 35 I-verbs IO Focus

New Vocabulary
ikuha
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to get something for someone
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itimpla
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to mix something for someone
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ibasa
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to read something for someone
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ihiram
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to borrow for someone else
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isungkit
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to pick or hook something for someone
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ibili
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to buy something for someone
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ihanap
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to look for something for someone
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igawá
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to make something for someone
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ikopya
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to copy something for someone
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ihingí
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to ask on behalf of
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kape
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coffee
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dokumento
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document
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Grammar
Usage
To do something for
Congratulations – you’ve finally made it to the last of the three focuses: Indirect Object Focus (IOF)!
IOF i-verbs have the nuance of doing something for someone else; the action is for the benefit of someone else.
Ex: Ibinasa ni Maria ng kuwento ang bata.
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= Mary read the child a story.
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In the example, Mary read the story for the benefit of the child. Mary is the actor, the story is the object and the child is the IO or beneficiary. Of course an IOF sentence has to have an IO, and you can see it takes the ang-form which means the focus is on it. (Note that for IOF i-verbs you must have both an object and IO)
How can you remember if your an-verb is OF or IOF? The best thing to do is to memorize the full definition of the IOF verb. For example, take ibili. If you memorize that it means to buy something for someone you will know that it’s IOF and won’t use it where the OF verb, bilhin, should be used.
Ex: Binili ko ang kotse.
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= I bought the car. (focus on the car)
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XXX Ex: Ibinili ko ang kotse.
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= not a valid sentence
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Ex: Ibinili ko ng kotse ang asawa ko.
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= I bought a car for my wife. (focus on my wife)
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Formation & Aspect
Same as OF i-verbs
Notes for All IOF Verbs
For all IOF verb basic-sentences, actor takes ng-form, object takes ng-form and IO takes ang-form
Since actor, object and IO are often all present in an IOF sentence, the enclitic/pronoun cluster can get complicated and kita is more likely to be used. Remember that kita is used instead of ka ko or ko ka.
Memorize the full definition of IOF verbs to help distinguish from OF
Sample Sentences
Q1
Get it for me guys!
Ikuha ninyo ako nito!
Q2
I’m mixing you some coffee.
Itinitimpla kita ng kape.
Q3
Where is she reading the kids a book?
Saan niya ibinabasa ng libro ang mga bata?
Q4
Hazel will borrow it for us.
Ihihiram kami ni Hazel nito.
Q5
I don’t want to pick a mango for mother.
Ayaw kong isungkit ng mangga si nanay.
Q6
What time did Marco buy a car for Maria?
Anong oras ibinili ni Marco ng kotse si Maria.
Q7
They are looking for a home for him.
Ihinahanap nila siya ng bahay.
Q8
The boys will make them a table when they leave.
Igagawa sila ng mga lalaki ng lamesa kapag aalis sila.
Q9
I copied the document for you.
Ikinopya kita ng dokumento.
Q10
How is she is demanding food for the dogs?
Paano niya inihihingi ng pagkain ang mga aso?

Edited

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