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Tagalog Grammar Lite Lesson 34 I-verbs Object Focus

New Vocabulary
iprito
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to fry
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ibigay
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to give
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ilagay
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to put
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isulat
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to write
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ilutó
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to cook
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ituró
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to teach
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ihulog
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to drop
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itapon
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to throw away
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ibalik
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to return
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iuwí
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to take home
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isdá
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fish
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basura
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garbage
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rep
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fridge
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Grammar
i-verbs can be either OF or IOF. After discussing formation and aspect, which apply to all i-verbs, this lesson will cover OF i-verbs. Next lesson will cover IOF i-verbs.
Formation
add i before the root
Ex: bigay
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=> ibigay
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Ex: lagay
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=> ilagay
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Aspect
Completed: add in before the second vowel of the infinitive
Ex: ibigay
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=> ibinigay
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Exception – similar to in-verbs, if the root begins with l, r, w or y, it’s more common to put ni in front of the root:
Ex: ilagay
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=> inilagay
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Uncompleted: the first 3 syllables of the completed aspect + root word
Ex: bigay
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=> ibinigay
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=> ibinibigay
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Ex: lagay
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=> inilagay
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=> inilalagay
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Contemplated: the first 2 syllables of the infinitive + root word
Ex: ibigay
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=> ibibigay
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Ex: ilagay
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=> ilalagay
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OF i-verbs
Usage
No special nuances; just to perform an OF action
Reminder for All OF Verbs
For OF verb basic-sentences, actor takes ng-form, object takes ang-form and IO takes sa-form
Sample Sentences
Q1
Fry the fish.
Iprito mo ang isda.
Q2
Why did she give him the money?
Bakit niya binigay ang pera sa kanya?
Q3
I’m putting the food in the fridge.
Inilalagay ko ang pagkain sa rep.
Q4
Jane will write the story, won’t she?
Isusulat ni Jane ang kuwento, hindi ba?
Q5
Can you cook adobo?
Pwede mo bang iluto ang adobo?
Q6
Not English. They taught Freddy Tagalog.
Hindi Ingles. Itinuro nila ang Tagalog kay Freddy.
Q7
Who’s Mark dropping from the tree?
Sino ang ihinuhulog ni Mark sa puno?
Q8
I’ll throw away the trash.
Itatapon ko ang basura
Q9
Mike didn’t return the book to Maria.
Hindi ibinalik ni Mike ang libro kay Maria.
Q10
She’s taking me home.
Iniuuwi niya ako.

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