Write & Correct
English

Tagalog Grammar Lite Lesson 33 The Remaining Question Words

Vocabulary
paano
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how; in which way
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gaano
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how; to what extent
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bakit
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why
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alin
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which
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nino
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whose
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kanino
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whose
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na kanino
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whose
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kumusta
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how is
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marami
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many
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matagal
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long (time)
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Grammar
So far we’ve learned how to ask and answer questions with who, what, how many, how much, where, from where and when. In this lesson we will finish the question words off by covering how, why, and a few more.
paano – how; in which way
Ex: Paano siya naglinis ng bahay?
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= How did she clean the house?
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Sentence form <paano, basic-clause>
gaano – how; to what extent
Ex: Gaano kayaman ang lalaki?
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= How rich is the man?
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Sentence form <gaano ka + adjective root, noun clause>
Ex: Gaano siya kabalis magluto ng adobo?
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= How fast does she cook adobo?
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Sentence form <gaano ka + adjective root, basic-clause >
bakit - why
Ex: Bakit ka nagtatanghalian sa Gerry’s?
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= Why are you eating lunch at Gerry’s?
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Sentence form <bakit, basic-clause >
alin - which
Ex: Aling inumin?
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= Which drink?
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Sentence form <aling, noun clause>
Ex: Alin ang inumin?
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= Which is the drink?
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Sentence form <alin, noun clause>, noun clause in ang-form
Ex: Alin sa mga inumin?
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= Which of the drinks?
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Sentence form <alin, plural noun clause>, plural noun clause in sa-form
sino – who, and it’s manifestations nino, kanino and na kanino
We introduced sino in an early lesson and promised to get deeper. It has various manifestations, so we’ll cover them here.
sino
Ex: Sinong guro?
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= Which teacher?
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Sentence form <sinong, noun clause>, noun clause in ang-form
Ex: Sino ang guro?
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= Who is the teacher?
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Sentence form <sino, noun clause>, noun clause in ang-form
Ex: Sino sa mga guro?
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= Which of the teachers?
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Sentence form <sino, plural noun clause>, plural noun clause in sa-form
Ex: Sino ang nag-aaral ng Tagalog?
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= Who studied Tagalog?
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Sentence form <sino, ang, basic-clause>
nino
Nino is the ng-form of sino, so it can take the place of ng-form noun clauses.
Ex: Kotse nino iyan ?
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= Whose car is that?
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Ex: Kotse ko iyan.
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= That’s my car.
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kanino
Kanino is the sa-form of sino, so it can take the place of sa-form noun clauses.
Ex: Kanino nagbasa ng libro si Mindy?
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= Who did Mindy read a book to?
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Ex: Nagbasa ng libro si Mindy kay Marco.
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= Mindy read a book to Marco.
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na kanino
Na kanino is the nasa-form of kanino, so it can take the place of na kay or na kina noun clauses.
Ex: Na kanino si Cesar?
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= Whose place is Cesar at?
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Ex: Na kina Mario si Cesar.
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= Cesar is at Mario’s.
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kumusta – how is/are
Ex: Kumusta?
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= How are you?
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Ex: Kumusta ang trabaho mo?
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= How is your work?
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Sentence form <kumusta, noun clause>, noun clause in ang-form
Ilan vs magkano vs gaano
You’ve seen these before, but it’s useful to compare them here.
ilan – how many
Ex: Ilan ang anak mo?
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= How many kids do you have?
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magkano – how much; what cost
Ex: Magkano ang kotse?
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= How much is the car?
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gaano – how; to what extent
Ex: Gaano karami ang pagkain?
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= How much food is there?
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Sample Sentences
Q1
How are the girls?
Kumusta ang mga babae?
Q2
How old are you?
Ilan taon ka na?
Q3
How long do I take a taxi to your house?
Gaano ako katagal magtaksi papunta sa bahay mo?
Q4
Who are they teaching Tagalog to?
Kanino sila nagtuturo ng Tagalog?
Q5
Who has the pen?
Na kanino ang pen?
Q6
How did she ride a bicycle to my house?
Paano siya nagbisikleta papunta sa bahay ko?
Q7
How big is the house?
Gaano kalaki ang bahay?
Q8
Why is Joe taking the bus to the hospital?
Bakit nagbubus si Joe papunta sa ospital?
Q9
Which of the students is your child?
Alin sa mga estudyante ang anak mo?
Q10
Whose drink is this?
Inumin nino ito?

Edited

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