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Tagalog Grammar Lite Lesson 32 In-verbs

Vocabulary
kainin
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to eat
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sabihin
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to say
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hiwain
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to slice
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lutuin
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to cook
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bilhin
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to buy
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inumin
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to drink
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pasukin
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to enter
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dalawin
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to visit
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sipunin
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to catch a cold
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bahain
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to be flooded
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kuwento
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story
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Grammar
Usage
No special nuances; just to perform an OF action
Formation
Infinitive
You add either in or hin to the root. Add in after a root ending in a consonant or glottal stop, hin after a vowel, and if the last letter in the root is o, and change the o to u. There are exceptions that you will just have to memorize.
Ex: kain
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=> kainin (consonant)
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Ex: sabi
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=> sabihin (vowel)
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Ex: hiwa
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=> hiwain (glottal stop)
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Ex: luto
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=> lutuin (o)
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Ex: bili
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=> bilhin (exception)
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Completed
add in before the first vowel of the root
Ex: kain
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=> kinain
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Ex: inom
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=> ininom
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Exception - If the root begins with l, r, w or y, it’s more common to put ni in front of the root:
Ex: luto
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=> niluto
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Incompleted
add the first 2 syllables of the completed aspect to the root
Ex: pasok
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=> pinasok
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=> pinapasok
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Ex: dalaw
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=> dinalaw
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=> dinadalaw
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Ex: luto
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=> niluto
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=> niluluto
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Contemplated
add the first syllable of the infinitive to the infinitive
Ex: sipunin
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=> sisipunin
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Ex: bahain
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=> babahain
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Ex: luto
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=> lulutuin
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Reminder for OF in-verbs
For all OF verb basic-sentences, actor takes ng-form, object takes ang-form and IO takes sa-form
Sample Sentences
Q1
I want to eat the pizza now.
Gusto kong kainin ang pizza ngayon.
Q2
Tell me the story.
Sabihin mo ang kuwento sa akin.
Q3
When is Joe cutting the cake?
Kailan hinihiwa ni Joe ang cake?
Q4
Where did she cook the adobo? (po)
Saan po niya niluto ang adobo?
Q5
Can you buy the house?
Puwede mo bang bilhin ang bahay?
Q6
What will the ladies drink?
Ano ang iinumin ng mga babae?
Q7
Mario will enter the school.
Papasukin ni Mario ang eskwelahan.
Q8
You're visiting her at their place, aren't you?
Dinadalaw mo siya sa kanila, hindi ba?
Q9
I caught cold when I went to Alaska.
Sinipon ako noong pumunta ako sa Alaska.
Q10
Our (excl) street wasn't flooded.
Hindi binaha ang kalye namin.

Edited

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