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Tagalog Grammar Lite Lesson 25 Have and Got

Vocabulary
magkaroon
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to have
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kumuha
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to get
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maging
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to become
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sipon
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cold (the sickness)
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trabaho
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job; work
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malaki
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big
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sakit
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sickness; pain
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Grammar
In the previous lesson we looked at may/meron which roughly mean have or exist. This lesson covers several other ways of saying have or got. Let’s first compare the following:
A. May kotse ako.
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= I have a car. (just reporting a fact)
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B. Meron akong kotse.
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= I have a car. (just reporting a fact)
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C. Nagkakotse ako.
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= I got a car. (there was a process involved)
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D. Nagkaroon ako ng kotse.
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= I got a car. (there was a process involved)
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E. Kumuha ako ng kotse.
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= I got a car. (just reporting a fact)
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F. Naging maganda ako.
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= I got(became) beautiful. (just reporting a fact; used with adjectives and nouns)
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G. Gumanda ako.
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= I got(became) beautiful. (there was a process involved; used with adjectives)
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We know A, B, E and G from previous lessons, so we’ll cover C, D and F below.
magka/magkaroon
Magka/magkaroon are magka-verbs, which conjugate just like mag-verbs, and roughly mean have, but they also imply there is a process involved.
ex: Nagkakasipon ang bata./Nagkakaroon ng sipon ang bata.
The child is getting a cold.
Although their meanings are the same, magka is a verb prefix and magkaroon is a complete verb, so the grammar is different.
Ex: I’m catching cold.
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• Using magka: Nagkakasipon ako.
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(magka + sipon = magkasipon => nagkakasipon)
Ex: I’m catching cold.
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• Using magkaroon: Nagkakaroon ako ng sipon.
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(magkaroon => nagkakaroon)
Note that if you want to modify the thing that exists/is being possessed with an adjective, you can’t use magka; it only works with magkaroon.
Ex: Nagkaroon ako ng magandang bahay.
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= I acquired a beautiful house.
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Additional Note for magka/magkaroon
magka and magkaroon verbs follow the same rules as mag verbs
maging
One way to say to become noun/adjective is to use maging. Maging is a verb, but it’s not called a ma-verb because its usage is unique.
Ex: Magiging Presidente si Manny.
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= Manny will become president.
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Ex: Nagiging matalino sila.
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= They’re getting smart.
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maging aspects are naging, nagiging and magiging
word order is <maging, noun/adj, noun>
the first noun/adj isn’t marked; the second noun takes ang-form
Sample Sentences
use magka, magkaroon or maging
Q1
The girl got a cold yesterday. (magka)
Nagkasipon ang babae kahapon.
Q2
Where will Maria get a hot job?
Saan magkakaroon si Maria ng mainit na trabaho?
Q3
Become a teacher!
Maging guro ka!
Q4
They are getting a car at Honda, aren't they? (magka)
Nagkakakotse sila sa Honda, hindi ba?
Q5
Who will get a big house?
Sino ang magkakaroon ng malaking bahay?
Q6
Who became rich in America?
Sino ang naging mayaman sa Amerika?
Q7
The girl got a cold yesterday. (magkaroon)
Nagkaroon ang babae ng sipon kahapon.
Q8
She didn't get sick this morning. (magka)
Hindi siya nagkasakit ngayong umaga.
Q9
They are getting a green car.
Nagkakaroon sila ng berdeng kotse.
Q10
When will Maria become a student?
Kailan magiging estudyante si Maria?

Edited

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