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English

Tagalog Grammar Lite Lesson 23 Plural Pronouns and Kasama

Vocabulary
kasama
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companion
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banda
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band
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Grammar
Because it’s quite different from English, in this lesson we are going to discuss how to say things like My wife and I. Here are three ways to say it.
A) Ako at ang asawa ko.
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(lit. I and my wife)
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B) Ako kasama ang asawa ko.
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(lit. I together with my wife)
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C) Kami ng asawa ko.
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(lit. We of my wife)
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Unfortunately for English speakers who are hoping for similar grammar structures, A) is not used, and B) is a bit rare. If you want to say “X and Y”, and at least one of the items is a personal pronoun, you should use construction C).
X and Personal Pronoun
Formation <plural personal pronoun, ng phrase>
Ex: She and Maria are going to Manila.
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= Pumupunta sila ni Maria sa Maynila.
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Ex: I will read Joe and them a book.
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= Magbabasa ako ng libro sa kanila ni Joe.
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Kasama
As mentioned earlier, statements like
Ex: Pumunta ako kasama ang asawa ko sa Cebu.
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= My wife and I went to Cebu.
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allthough correct, aren’t as common as construction C). So we won’t use kasama as an adjective anymore. But kasama as a noun is very common. It’s pretty flexible, means something that goes with something else, and is often translated as “companion”.
Ex: Sino ang kasama mo?
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= Who is your companion; who is with you?
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Sample Sentences
Q1
He and Joe are the students.
Sila ni Joe ang mga estudyante.
Q2
What comes with the food? (lit. what is the thing that's with the food)
Ano ang kasama ng pagkain?
Q3
The boys and us are fast.
Mabilis tayo ng mga lalaki.
Q4
She hates you and the president.
Ayaw niya kayo ng presidente.
Q5
The teacher's companion is from Seattle.
Taga Seattle ang kasama ng guro.
Q6
His companion didn't eat. (po)
Hindi po kumain ang kasama niya.
Q7
She is fond of me and the band.
Mahilig siya sa amin ng banda.
Q8
Where are he and his companion from?
Taga saan sila ng kasama niya?
Q9
Please make chicken for Mario and them. (naman)
Magluto ka naman ng manok para sa kanila ni Mario.
Q10
His companion is pretty, isn't she?
Maganda ang kasama niya, hindi ba?

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