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Tagalog Grammar Lite Appendix A ang, ng and sa forms & kita

Appendix A – ang, ng and sa forms & kita
Nouns and pronouns are always in either the ang, ng or sa form. The lessons often call out the form to use for a given grammar point, so I’ve listed them all here for your convenience. They are presented in a way that facilitates memorization (cover one column and try to recall the other).
I recommend you make a pass at memorizing all the ang-form items the first time you encounter it in a lesson and the same recommendation for ng-form and sa-form as you encounter them. They will be reinforced often in later lessons, so don’t be concerned if they don’t stick well at first. And any time you’re in doubt, revisit this appendix and review them again.
ang-Form Nouns
noun marker
Show
ang
Show
plural noun marker
Show
ang mga
Show
name maker
Show
si
Show
plural name marker
Show
sina
Show
ang-Form Personal Pronouns
I
Show
ako
Show
we (inclusive – me, the listener and possibly others)
Show
tayo
Show
we (exclusive – me and others but not the listener)
Show
kami
Show
you
Show
ka
Show
you (singular at start of phrase)
Show
ikaw
Show
you (plural/singular polite)
Show
kayo
Show
he/she
Show
siya
Show
they
Show
sila
Show
ang-Form Demonstrative Pronouns
this (near speaker)
Show
ito
Show
that (near listener)
Show
iyan
Show
that (far from speaker and listener)
Show
iyon
Show
these (near speaker)
Show
ang mga ito
Show
those (near listener)
Show
ang mga iyan
Show
those (far from speaker and listener)
Show
ang mga iyon
Show
ng-Form Nouns
noun marker
Show
ng
Show
plural noun marker
Show
ng mga
Show
name marker
Show
ni
Show
plural name marker
Show
nina
Show
ng-form Personal Pronouns
I
Show
ako
Show
we (inclusive – me, the listener and possibly others)
Show
natin
Show
we (inclusive – me, the listener and possibly others)
Show
namin
Show
you
Show
mo
Show
you (plural/singular polite)
Show
ninyo
Show
he/she
Show
niya
Show
they
Show
nila
Show
ng-Form Demonstrative Pronouns
this (near speaker)
Show
nito
Show
that (near listener)
Show
niyan
Show
that (far from speaker and listener)
Show
niyon
Show
these (near speaker)
Show
ng mga ito
Show
those (near listener)
Show
ng mga iyan
Show
those (far from speaker and listener)
Show
ng mga iyon
Show
sa-Form Nouns
noun marker
Show
sa
Show
plural noun marker
Show
sa mga
Show
name marker
Show
kay
Show
plural name marker
Show
kina
Show
sa-Form Personal Pronouns
I
Show
sa akin
Show
we (inclusive – me, the listener and possibly others)
Show
sa atin
Show
we (exclusive – me and others but not the listener)
Show
sa amin
Show
you
Show
sa iyo
Show
you (plural or singular polite)
Show
sa inyo
Show
he/she
Show
sa kaniya
Show
they
Show
sa kanila
Show
sa-Form Demonstrative Pronouns
this/here (near speaker)
Show
dito/rito
Show
that/there (near listener)
Show
diyan/riyan
Show
that/there (far from speaker and listener)
Show
doon/roon
Show
these (near speaker)
Show
sa mga ito
Show
those (near listener)
Show
sa mga iyan
Show
those (far from speaker and listener)
Show
sa mga iyon
Show
Kita
Kita is a compound personal pronoun. It’s used when you would expect ko (ng form of I) and ka (ang form of you) to be next to each other in a sentence. There is no ko ka or ka ko in Tagalog.
I (verb) you; I to you; you to me
Show
kita
Show

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